What Does Physical Fitness Mean? Exploring The 7 Components Of Physical Fitness

What Does Physical Fitness Mean? Exploring The 7 Components Of Physical Fitness

What does physical fitness mean to you?


It can mean different things to every person! And it can even change over time. It can be anything from collegiate athletes looking for sport-specific training, to parents who want to be able to keep up with their children on the playground, or even as a preventative measure against chronic diseases.


The reasons for choosing to work out can vary throughout time but there are 7 things that will always mean the same to everyone.


These are the things that are going to get you where you want and need to be. Now, without further ado... here are the components!

  • Strength- the extent to which muscles can exert force by contracting against resistance (e.g. holding or restraining an object or person)
  • Power- the ability to exert maximum muscular contraction instantly in an explosive burst of movements. The two components of power are strength and speed. (e.g. jumping or a sprint start)
  • Agility- the ability to perform a series of explosive power movements in rapid succession in opposing directions (e.g. ZigZag running or cutting movements)
  • Balance- the ability to control the body's position, either stationary (e.g. a handstand) or while moving (e.g. a gymnastics stunt)
  • Flexibility- the ability to achieve an extended range of motion without being impeded by excess tissue, i.e. fat or muscle (e.g. executing a leg split)
  • Muscular Endurance- a single muscle's ability to perform sustained work (e.g. rowing or cycling)
  • Cardiovascular Endurance the heart's ability to deliver blood to working muscles and their ability to use it (e.g. running long distances)

All of these parts work together to create physical fitness! If a person can excel in all these different specific areas then they will not only be physically fit but also have an overall higher quality of life and reduced risk for injury and illness.  


For the next 7 posts we will go further into detail regarding each segment and how it relates to exercise. 

Stay tuned for more!

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